Workshop "Exploring Ecologies of Mind in (Mental) Health" at FU Berlin

This is a call for abstracts for the workshop "Exploring Ecologies of Mind in (Mental) Health. Eco-Pathologies and Onto-Politics of Healing Economies" that will take place at the Institute of Social and Cultural Anthropology, Freie Universität Berlin, 16-17 May 2019.

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Zusammenfassung

  • Was Call For PapersWorkshop "Exploring Ecologies of Mind in (Mental) Health" at FU Berlin
  • Wann bis (Europe/Berlin / UTC100)
  • Wo Institute of Social and Cultural Anthropology, Freie Universität Berlin
  • Termin herunterladen iCal Datei herunterladen

Beschreibung

Workshop of the Work Group Medical Anthropology (German Anthropological Association)

Conveners: Caroline Meier zu Biesen (Freie Universität Berlin), Nasima Selim (Freie
Universität Berlin), Claudia Lang (Cermes3, Paris), Dominik Mattes (Freie Universität Berlin)

How do we shift our epistemological habits of differentiating phenomena into binary opposites, such as body and mind, nature and culture, tradition and modernity, or biomedicine and traditional healing? Recent analytical approaches in the field of (mental) health are based on ontological perspectives that place emphasis on the relations between and the mutual co-constitution of actors and entities that are otherwise considered discrete and bounded elements of the social world. These approaches include, for instance, the “ecology of mind in health and illness” (Kirmayer 2015); “eco-psychiatry” (Chowdhury and Jadav 2012); “eco-centric self” (Kirmayer et al. 2009); “affective arrangements” (Slaby et al. 2017) or “digital ecologies” in youth mental health (Fullagar et al. 2017). Drawing from Gregory Bateson’s framework of an ecology of mind (Bateson 2000 [1972]; 1979), many of these approaches stress the inherent connections between the embodied minds of human beings and “nature” including the environment and non-human beings. Bateson’s ecology of mind itself redefines epistemology as knowing how to look for patterns that connect the living world as a series of formal and abstract relations. In this workshop, we wish to further experimentally explore these ideas with a particular interest in the intersection of (mental) health and traditional healing. One way of doing this is to engage with the notion of eco-pathology that connects individual, familial, as well as wider socio-cultural and political-economic dimensions of (mental) health and healing with ecologies. The latter are understood as relationship[s] between living entities and their environments (Edgerton and Campbell 1994). We are interested in exploring the different forms of eco-pathologies that disrupt contemporary urban and rural environments in postindustrial and postcolonial settings. How do such disruptions affect the body-mind and may lead to “ecological grief” in response to the loss of species, landscapes, and climate change (Butler et al. 2014, Cunsolo and Ellis 2018, Russell et al. 2013)? How are humans caught up with animal, plant, and spirit life-worlds in affective ecologies, i.e. in often politically motivated nature narratives and practices that evoke emotional and sensual responses, addressing both the body and mind (Ogden et al. 2013, Weik von Mossner 2017). Taking into account that (traditional) medicine does not only serve as a therapeutic or political, but also economic resource (Knipper and Wörrle 2010), exploring the notion of ecologies of mind also requires tracing their intersections with the economies of (mental) health and healing practices. Can the “marketplace” be a potential empirical and analytical site where such ecologies of mind and healing economies meet? How then do we understand financial exchanges of healing products or sites of exchange where individual experts compete for patients within an overarching (capitalist) economy (Fassin 1992), as well as non-market forms of social relations such as the gift economy (Basu 2016, Palmer 2011)? Thinking about extensions, connections, and relations necessarily involves a critical engagement with ‘borders’ (Luedke and West 2006) and ‘ontological politics’ (Langwick 2011; Mol 1999) that become (or are rendered) relevant in the contested realm of health and healing. These analytical frames draw our attention to the ways in which particular therapies, body-minds, or ailments are brought to life, allowed to exist, or marginalized. They help scrutinize the patterns, discursive contexts, and socio-material settings in which boundaries (whether literal or metaphorical) are established, negotiated, transgressed, and dissolved. They also contribute to a better understanding of how medical landscapes are constituted through dynamic interactions and shaped by phenomenological diversity. The intersections of religious/spiritual, traditional and biomedical/psychiatric therapeutic practices are of particular interest in this context (Basu et al. 2017; Lang 2018; Naraindas, Quack and Sax 2014, Read et al. 2009).


Drawing on these ideas, we invite contributions that address questions including – but not limited to – the following:
• How do we connect minds, bodies, social and ecological relations, and economies in order to formulate a broader understanding of (mental) pathologies as ecopathologies?
• What form do the political interests and power relations constituting a therapeutic field as “traditional,” “modern”, or “local” assume?
• Which factors affect the extent to which governmental and non-governmental actors secure (and market) resources that preserve the health of their
communities?
• How do human and non-human entities interact in ecosystems of (mental) health and healing traditions in and across the `Global South´ and `North´? What kinds of new political, economic and contingent limitations or possibilities affect these entities and their relations with one another?
• What are the possible configurations of ecologies of mind in a region where diverse therapeutic traditions meet and compete with each other?
• How can we analyze these ecologies not only in terms of power that maintains the status quo or results in systematic disruption of human, animal and plant lifeworlds, but also in terms of productive power that fosters thriving healing economies?


We seek ethnographic case studies from any part of the world as well as theoretical essays that address one or more of the above-mentioned themes. In addition to conventional textual narratives we welcome multi-modal presentations such as photo-essays, posters, body performances, video installations etc. Please mention whether you need additional space or technical equipment when you submit your abstract. Please submit your abstract (300 words max.) and a bionote (100 words max.) by 1 March 2019 to nasimaselim@zedat.fu-berlin.de and cmeier@zedat.fu-berlin.de. Notifications of acceptance
will be sent out by 15 March 2019.


Members of the Work Group Medical Anthropology are warmly invited to present their ongoing research (even if unrelated to the workshop theme) in a separate session of the workshop. Please also submit your abstract and bionote by 1 March 2019.


References:
Basu, Helene, Roland Littlewood, and Arne S. Steinforth (Eds.). 2017. Spirit & Mind: Mental
Health at the Intersection of Religion & Psychiatry. Berlin: LIT Verlag.
Basu, Helene. 2016. “The Sickening Gift”. In Parts and Wholes: Essays on Social Morphology,
Cosmology and Exchange in Honour of J.D.M. Platenkamp, edited by Laila Prager, Michael
Prager, and Guido Sprenger, 167-180. Vienna: LIT Verlag.
Bateson, Gregory. 2000 [1972]. Steps to an Ecology of Mind: Collected Essays in
Anthropology, Psychiatry, Evolution, and Epistemology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
________1979. Mind and Nature. A Necessary Unity. New York: E.P. Dutton.
Butler, Colin D., Devin C. Bowles, Lachlan McIver, and Lisa Page. 2014. "Mental Health,
Cognition and the Challenge of Climate Change." In Climate Change and Global Health,
edited by Colin D. Butler, 251-259. Oxfordschire: CABI.
Chowdhury, Arabinda N. and Sushrut Jadhav. 2012. “Eco-Psychiatry: Culture, Mental Health
and Ecology with Special Reference to India. In Community Mental Health in India, edited by
B.S. Chavan, Nitin Gupta, Ajeet Sadana, Priti Arun, and Sushrut Jadhav, 521-542. New Delhi:
Jaypee Brothers.
Cunsolo, Ashlee and Neville R. Ellis. 2018. "Ecological Grief as a Mental Health Response to
Climate Change-Related Loss." Nature Climate Change 8, no. 4: 275-281.
Edgerton, Jane E. and Robert J. Campbell (Eds.). 1994. American Psychiatric Glossary. 7th ed.,
Arlington: American Psychiatric Press.
Fassin, Didier. 1992. Pouvoir et Maladie en Afrique. Anthropologie Sociale dans la Banlieue
de Dakar. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
Fullagar, Simone, Emma Rich, Jessica Francombe-Webb, and Antonio Maturo. 2017. "Digital
Ecologies of Youth Mental Health: Apps, Therapeutic Publics and Pedagogy as Affective
Arrangements." Social Sciences 6, no. 4: 135-149.
Kirmayer, Laurence. J. 2015. "Re-visioning Psychiatry: Toward an Ecology of Mind in Health
and Illness." In Re-visioning Psychiatry: Cultural Phenomenology, Critical Neuroscience and
Global Mental Health, edited by Laurence Kirmayer, Robert Lemelson, R., and Constance A.
Cummings, 622-660. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Knipper, Michael and Bernhard Wörrle. 2010. “Traditionelle Medizin als strategische
Ressource.” In Medizin im Kontext. Krankheit und Gesundheit in einer vernetzten Welt,
edited by Dilger, Hansjörg and Bernhard Hadolt, 201-202. Frankfurt a.M.: Peter Lang.
Kirmayer, Laurence J., Christopher Fletcher, and Robert Watt. 2009. "Locating the Ecocentric
Self: Inuit Concepts of Mental Health and Illness”. In Healing Traditions: The Mental Health
of Aboriginal Peoples in Canada, edited by Laurence J. Kirmayer and Gail G. Valaskakis, 289-
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Lang, Claudia. 2018. Depression in Kerala. Ayurveda and Mental Health Care in 21st Century
India. London and New York: Routledge.
Langwick, Stacey. 2011. Bodies, Politics and African Healing. Bloomington: Indiana University
Press.
Luedke, Tracy J. and Harry G. West (Eds.). 2006. Borders and Healers. Brokering Therapeutic
Resources in Southeast Africa. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Mol, Annemarie. 1999. "Ontological Politics. A Word and Some Questions." The Sociological
Review 47, no. 1: 74-89.
Naraindas, Harish, Johannes Quack, and William S. Sax (Eds.). 2014. Asymmetrical
Conversations: Contestations, Circumventions, and the Blurring of Therapeutic Boundaries.
New York and Oxford: Berghahn.
Ogden, Laura A., Billy Hall, and Kimiko Tanita. 2013. "Animals, Plants, People, and Things: A
Review of Multispecies Ethnography." Environment and society 4, no. 1:5-24.
Palmer, David A. 2011. "Gift and Market in the Chinese Religious Economy." Religion 41, no.
4: 569-594.
Read, Ursula, Edward Adiibokah, and Solomon Nyame. 2009. Local suffering and the global
discourse of mental health and human rights: An ethnographic study of responses to mental
illness in rural Ghana. Globalizing Health 5:13. https://doi.org/10.1186/1744-8603-5-13.
Russell, Roly, Anne D. Guerry, Patricia Balvanera, Rachelle K. Gould, Xavier Basurto, Kai MA
Chan, Sarah Klain, Jordan Levine, and Jordan Tam. 2013. "Humans and Nature: How Knowing
and Experiencing Nature Affect Well-being." Annual Review of Environment and Resources
38: 473-502.
Slaby, Jan, Rainer Mühlhoff, and Philipp Wüschner. 2017. "Affective Arrangements." Emotion
Review. https://doi.org/10.1177/1754073917722214.
Weik von Mossner, Alexa. 2017. Affective Ecologies: Empathy, Emotion, and Environmental
Narratives. Columbus: Ohio University Press.

Kontakt

Nähere Informationen

nasimaselim[ at ]zedat.fu-berlin.de; cmeier[ at ]zedat.fu-berlin.de